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Study on the visual performance of a vernacular dwelling in Egypt

Almaiyah, S, Elkadi, HA and Cook, M 2010, 'Study on the visual performance of a vernacular dwelling in Egypt' , Built and Natural Environment Research Papers : Future Intermediate Sustainable Cities Conference, 4 (1) , p. 127.

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Abstract

Vernacular dwelling buildings located in hot arid regions are well known for their sensitive architecture response to the region’s climatic conditions and the sociocultural norms. The architectural value of these buildings is not only limited to their historical merit, but also to the human conscious adaptation to its context and the optimum utilisation of natural resources creating both a pleasant and a functional environment. The majority of these traditional dwellings are well recognised for their unique perforated fenestration system and courtyard arrangement that evolved to control the harsh solar, climatic conditions without compromising the quality of space and occupants’ wellbeing. However, the successful design of these features and solutions cannot be fully appreciated without understanding the nature of daylight and solar radiation in which these buildings are revealed. This paper investigates the impact of the characteristic of the dense narrow streets of medieval cities on the visual performance of a typical courtyard house in Cairo. The paper examines the daylight behaviour of one of the well-known historic alleys and of a courtyard house in Cairo. The paper analyzes and measures the variability in the visual perception and comfort for a typical pedestrian street and the occupants of the house using a simulation modelling tool (Integrated Environmental Solutions (IES) software). The paper gives an insight into the overall visual performance of the urban fabric that shapes of the microclimate, which is an important ingredient of the overall identity of the place.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of the Built Environment
Journal or Publication Title: Built and Natural Environment Research Papers : Future Intermediate Sustainable Cities Conference
Publisher: Northumbria University
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1756-2473
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: Christine Tate
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2015 16:11
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2016 19:30
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/35706

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