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A method for calculating effective lifetime risk of radiation-induced cancer from screening mammography

Ali, R, England, A, McEntee, M and Hogg, P 2015, 'A method for calculating effective lifetime risk of radiation-induced cancer from screening mammography' , Radiography .

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Abstract

Purpose: To propose a method for evaluating the effective lifetime risk of radiation-induced cancer from screening mammography and to present initial data for the UK National Breast Screening Programme. Material and methods: The imaging was undertaken using a Hologic Selenia full field digital mammographic unit. The proposed method utilises an ATOM phantom containing thermoluminescent dosimeters and a perspex-polyethylene breast phantom to measure organ doses during a standard four view screening mammogram. Effective dose was calculated and effective risk was modelled for a range of client ages. The total lifetime effective risk was then calculated for the UK national screening programme. Calculation of effective risk includes the radiation dose to examined and contralateral breasts in addition to other body organs; this is an advantage over the mean glandular dose. Results: The contralateral breast, thyroid, thymus, brain, lung, salivary glands, and bone marrow all receive more than 1 mGy radiation dose during screening mammography. A major difference exists for total effective lifetime risk of radiation-induced cancer between clients with average and high breast cancer risk. Differences are attributed to the commencement age of screening and time interval between screens. Conclusion: This study proposes a method to evaluate effective lifetime risk of radiation-induced cancer from screening mammography in order to compare different mammography screening programmes.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Schools
Schools > School of Health Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Radiography
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1078-8174
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: P Hogg
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2015 16:48
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2016 01:38
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/36184

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