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Ultraviolet radiation and Vitamin D3 in amphibian health, behaviour, diet and conservation

Antwis, RE and Browne, RK 2009, 'Ultraviolet radiation and Vitamin D3 in amphibian health, behaviour, diet and conservation' , Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 154 (2) , pp. 184-190.

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Abstract

Amphibians are currently suffering a period of mass extinction with approximately 20% of species under severe threat and more than 120 species already extinct. In light of this crisis there is an urgency to establish viable ex situ populations and also find the causes of in situ declines. The role of ultraviolet radiation and Vitamin D3 in amphibian health directly influences both ex situ and in situ populations. Vitamin D3 can be photosynthesised endogenously via UV-B radiation (UV-B), or acquired through the diet, and then metabolised to calcitriol the biologically active hormonal form. Although, there is a lack of literature concerning Vitamin D3 requirements and calcitriol synthesis in amphibians, amphibians are likely to have similar Vitamin D3 requirements and metabolic processes as other vertebrates due to the phylogenetically conservative nature of calcitriol biosynthesis. Deficiencies in calcitriol in amphibians result in nutritional metabolic bone disease (NMBD) and could compromise reproduction and immunity. However, excess biologically active UV radiation has also proven detrimental across all three amphibian life stages and therefore could impact both in situ and ex situ populations. Here we review the role and necessity of UV-B and calcitriol in amphibians and the potential for negative impacts due to excessive exposure to UV radiation.We also identify priorities for research that could provide critical information for maintaining healthy in ex situ and in situ populations of amphibians.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amphibian, UV, Vitamin D3, Calcitriol, UV-B, Health, Conservation, Nutritional metabolic bone disease
Themes: Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1095-6433
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: Dr Rachael Antwis
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 14:30
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2015 14:30
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/36713

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