Gunn, Joanne 2015, Evaluating the success of the Mersey Basin Campaign and its impact on Toxteth , MSc by research thesis, University of Salford.
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The Mersey Basin Campaign was established in 1985 to improve water quality within the Mersey Catchment at a cost of £2.5bn, and invest £1.5bn in regeneration. This thesis assesses how successful the MBC has been in improving water quality across the Mersey Catchment as well as regenerating one of Liverpool’s most deprived areas, Toxteth. There is little literature which has reviewed the Mersey Basin Campaign since its termination in 2010; this thesis aims to update the literature. To evaluate water quality, data was obtained from 30 field sites within an Environment Agency data set spanning ten years. Water quality was assessed on water chemistry, biology, nitrates and phosphates content. The Environment Agency used a grading system whereby 1 is a “very good” river with a high population of species, and 6 describes a “bad” river which only supports limited pollution-tolerant macroinvertebrates. The average Chemistry grade improved from 3.3 in 1999 to 2.73 in 2009. Average biological ranking improved from 4.24 in 2002 to 3.87 in 2009. Average nitrates ranking improved from 3.43 in 2000 to 3.3 in 2009, and phosphates improved from 4.93 in 2000 to 4.37 in 2009. Average statistics across 30 field sites improved from 1999-2009 but not to MBC aims of achieving ‘good’ or higher status. To assess improvements in deprived inner city areas, Liverpool City Council gathered data for each ward across Merseyside in 2013 and two wards, Riverside and Princes Park were selected. The data analysed shows the poorest ward, Princes Park has an average household income 67% of the National Average, unemployment 150% higher than the National Average and deprivation of 93.7%. As a result Toxteth has high percentages of child poverty. The MBC has improved water quality across the 30 field sites but not to a “fair” standard, nor has regeneration undertaken by the MBC sufficiently improved Toxteth.
|Item Type:||Thesis (MSc by research)|
|Themes:||Built and Human Environment
Subjects outside of the University Themes
|Schools:||Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences|
|Funders:||Non funded research|
|Depositing User:||Joanne Gunn|
|Date Deposited:||09 Nov 2015 16:34|
|Last Modified:||05 Apr 2016 19:36|
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