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Network analysis reveals that bacteria and fungi form modules that correlate independently with soil parameters

De Menezes, AB, Prendergast-Miller, MT, Richardson, AE, Toscas, P, Farrell, M, MacDonald, LM, Baker, G, Wark, T and Thrall, PH 2014, 'Network analysis reveals that bacteria and fungi form modules that correlate independently with soil parameters' , Environmental Microbiology, 17 (8) , pp. 2677-2689.

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Network and multivariate statistical analyses were performed to determine interactions between bacterial and fungal community terminal restriction length polymorphisms as well as soil properties in paired woodland and pasture sites. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) revealed that shifts in woodland community composition correlated with soil dissolved organic carbon, while changes in pasture community composition correlated with moisture, nitrogen and phosphorus. Weighted correlation network analysis detected two distinct microbial modules per land use. Bacterial and fungal ribotypes did not group separately, rather all modules comprised of both bacterial and fungal ribotypes. Woodland modules had a similar fungal : bacterial ribotype ratio, while in the pasture, one module was fungal dominated. There was no correspondence between pasture and woodland modules in their ribotype composition. The modules had different relationships to soil variables, and these contrasts were not detected without the use of network analysis. This study demonstrated that fungi and bacteria, components of the soil microbial communities usually treated as separate functional groups as in a CCA approach, were co-correlated and formed distinct associations in these adjacent habitats. Understanding these distinct modular associations may shed more light on their niche space in the soil environment, and allow a more realistic description of soil microbial ecology and function.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Biomedical Research Centre
Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Microbiology
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1462-2912
Related URLs:
Funders: CSIRO internal funding
Depositing User: AB De Menezes
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2015 10:46
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2016 19:36

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