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Evaluation of residence time on nitrogen oxides removal in non-thermal plasma reactor

Talebizadeh, P, Rahimzadeh, H, Babaie, M, Anaghizi, SJ, Ghomi, H, Ahmadi, G and Brown, R 2015, 'Evaluation of residence time on nitrogen oxides removal in non-thermal plasma reactor' , PLoS ONE, 10 (10) , e0140897.

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Abstract

Non-thermal plasma (NTP) has been introduced over the last few years as a promising after- treatment system for nitrogen oxides and particulate matter removal from diesel exhaust. NTP technology has not been commercialised as yet, due to its high rate of energy consumption. Therefore, it is important to seek out new methods to improve NTP performance. Residence time is a crucial parameter in engine exhaust emissions treatment. In this paper, different electrode shapes are analysed and the corresponding residence time and NOx removal efficiency are studied. An axisymmetric laminar model is used for obtaining residence time distribution numerically using FLUENT software. If the mean residence time in a NTP plasma reactor increases, there will be a corresponding increase in the reaction time and consequently the pollutant removal efficiency increases. Three different screw thread electrodes and a rod electrode are examined. The results show the advantage of screw thread electrodes in comparison with the rod electrode. Furthermore,between the screw thread electrodes, the electrode with the thread width of 1 mm has the highest NOx removal due to higher residence time and a greater number of micro-discharges. The results show that the residence time of the screw thread electrode with a thread width of 1 mm is 21% more than for the rod electrode.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Publisher: Public Library of Science
ISSN: 1932-6203
Related URLs:
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: WM Taylor
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2015 11:47
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2016 11:40
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/36888

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