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Suicide ideation is predicted by deficits in executive function

Ong, E, Eachus, P, Tang, A and Thompson, C Suicide ideation is predicted by deficits in executive function , in: The European Conference on Psychology and the Behavioral Sciences, 6th-8th July 2015, Brighton, UK. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Suicidal behaviour has become a public health problem with increasing concerns regarding the rise of such behaviour among adolescents and young adults (Dour, Cha & Nock, 2011). Although past studies have identified the role of cognitive factors in suicide, little has been done to explore the cognitive processes involved in suicidal thinking in young adults. The current research examined the relationship between executive functioning (a group of self-regulatory cognitive processes that facilitate an individual's purposeful behaviour; Anderson, 2008) and suicide ideation (the thoughts an individual has about committing suicide). A cross-sectional study of 131 University undergraduates in Hong Kong (67 participants) and the UK (64 participants) was conducted and it was predicted that increased suicide ideation would be correlated with poor executive function. All participants completed the Suicide Behaviour Questionnaire and the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive function- Adult Version (BRIEF-A). There were no cross-cultural differences in suicide ideation, but an increased suicide ideation was related to deficits in executive function and a decrease in problem-focused coping. Analysis showed that executive function such as organization of material, initiation, and emotional control were important predictor variables in suicide ideation. This has implications for individuals who have difficulty planning, maintaining self-generated behaviour, and controlling their emotions. This study shows that limitations in certain executive function can lead to increased suicide ideation. Further research is needed to explore how suicidal thinking may be reduced through the training of cognitive processes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: Dr Catherine Thompson
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 14:01
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2015 14:01
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/37223

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