Mohamad, Mostafa and Anuge, J
The challenge for future sustainable development in power sector
, in: 14th International Annual Conference, 20-22 July 2016, King’s College London.
In recent times, the global pressure on the environment has been a major intercontinental issue that call for concern about attaining future sustainable development. Sustainable development, according to World Bank, is the development that meets the needs of the present without jeopardising or compromising the ability or the propensity of future generations to meet their needs as well (World Bank, 2015). In this research our focus is on the power sectors in the United Kingdom as a European country which according to recent concerns its sustainability is at a crossroad and Nigeria as an African country that has been affected with series of reforms and until date it's still faced with unstable, epileptic power supply despite the trillions of dollars that has been invested in same sector; which many scholars believed is a major factor to the national economic setback it has suffered in recent times. The power sector includes hydro generation, electricity, wind, nuclear, solar, turbines, etc. Sustainable development is against the belief of meeting to national, regional and continental needs without considering its overriding future effects on the environment, but the concept of sustainable development can be interpreted in many different ways. However, at its core, is an approach to development that looks to balance different, and often competing, needs against an awareness of the environmental, social and economic limitations we face as a society today even from the recently concluded international conference on climate change in Paris shows the level of the needs to protect the environment we leave in the face technological developments and the act of competition amongst countries of the world to control and obtain dominance in technologies which has the propensity to undermine the environment for example; the clamour to acquire nuclear power stations and deterrents in recent time by political leaders, heads of governments democratic or otherwise (ACA, 2015). Recognisably, most policy makers and governments in major Europe countries as (Germany, UK, France and others) have been able to promote and pursue a level of sustainability regarding the environmental and consumption patterns which forms a major prerequisite working towards sustainability with a good example of the European Union Commission's responsibility under Article 17(1) of the Treaty on European Union ensure that both the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union as well as measures adopted pursuance of its environmental challenges are fully complied with (EUT, 2015)
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