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Physiological, biochemical and growth responses of Italian ryegrass to butachlor exposure

Wang, S, Li, H and Lin, C 2013, 'Physiological, biochemical and growth responses of Italian ryegrass to butachlor exposure' , Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 106 (1-2) , pp. 21-27.

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A dose–response experiment was conducted to examine the effects of butachlor on the growth, physiology and biochemistry of Italian ryegrass. The plant suffered a >50% reduction in fresh biomass when exposed to a butachlor dose of 5 mg L�1. However, a significant further biomass reduction only occurred when the dosage level of butachlor was increased to 40 mg L�1. The root was more sensitive than the shoot to butachlor toxicity. It appears that the inhibition of fine root development under butachlor stress was the upstream cause for the retarded plant growth. A butachlor dose of 5 mg L�1 was sufficiently high to cause significant H2O2-induced oxidative damage in the plant cells, as indicated by the increased MDA and the lower production rate relative to consumption rate of CAT. The plants tended to maintain sufficiently high levels of root activity and photosynthesis, and possibly relied on these mechanisms for survival in such a stressed environment. Butachlor had a stimulatory effect on the release of dissolved organic carbon but not amino acids from the plant roots. There were 5 types of organic acids in the root exudates, which all exhibited a trend to decrease with increasing level of butachlor.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0048-3575
Related URLs:
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: C Lin
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2016 14:08
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2016 14:08

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