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Effects of strength training on squat and sprint performance in soccer players

Styles, WJ, Matthews, MJ and Comfort, P 2016, 'Effects of strength training on squat and sprint performance in soccer players' , Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30 (6) , pp. 1534-1539.

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Abstract

Researchers have demonstrated that increases in strength result in increases in athletic performance, although the development of strength is still neglected in some sports. Our aim was to determine whether a simple in-season strength training program would result in increases in maximal squat strength and short sprint performance, in professional soccer players. Professional soccer players (n=17, age = 18.3 ± 1.2 years, height = 1.79 ± 0.06 m, body mass (BM) = 75.5 ± 6.1 kg) completed one repetition maximum (1RM) back squat and sprint tests (5-, 10-, 20 m) before and after a six-week (2 x week) in-season strength training (85-90% 1RM) intervention. Strength training resulted in significant improvements in absolute and relative strength (pre: 125.4 ± 13.8 kg, post 149.3 ± 16.2 kg, p < 0.001, Cohen’s d = 0.62; 1RM/BM pre: 1.66 ± 0.24 kg.kg-1, post 1.96 ± 0.29 kg.kg-1, p < 0.001, Cohen’s d = 0.45; respectively). Similarly, there were small yet significant improvements in sprint performance over 5 m (pre 1.11 ± 0.04 s, post 1.05 ± 0.05 s, p < 0.001, Cohen’s d = 0.55) 10 m (pre 1.83 ± 0.05 s, post 1.78 ± 0.05 s, p < 0.001, Cohen’s d = 0.45) and 20 m (pre 3.09 ± 0.07 s, post 3.05 ± 0.05 s, p < 0.001, Cohen’s d = 0.31). Changes in maximal squat strength appear to be reflected in improvements in short sprint performance highlighting the importance of developing maximal strength to improve short sprint performance. Moreover this demonstrates that these improvements can be achieved during the competitive season in professional soccer players.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 1064-8011
Related URLs:
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: Dr P Comfort
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2016 08:34
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2016 08:09
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/39199

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