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Mechanical determinants of faster change of direction speed performance in male athletes

Dos'Santos, Thomas, Thomas, C, Jones, PA and Comfort, P 2016, 'Mechanical determinants of faster change of direction speed performance in male athletes' , Journal of Strength and Conditioning research .

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Abstract

Mechanical variables during change of directions for example braking and propulsive forces,impulses and ground contact times (GCT) have been identified as determinants of faster change of direction speed (CODS) performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanical determinants of 180° CODS performance with mechanical characteristic comparisons between faster and slower performers; whilst exploring the role of the penultimate foot contact (PEN) during the change of direction. Forty multidirectional male athletes performed six modified 505 (mod505) trials (3 left and right) and ground reaction forces were collected across the PEN and final foot contact (FINAL) during the change ofdirection. Pearson’s correlation coefficients and co-efficients of determination were used to explore the relationship between mechanical variables and mod505 completion time. Independent T-Tests and Cohen’s d effect sizes (ES) were conducted between faster (n=10) and slower (n=10) mod505 performers to explore differences in mechanical variables. Faster CODS performance was associated (p<0.05) with shorter GCTs (r=0.701-0.757), greater horizontal propulsive forces (r=-0.572 to -0.611), greater horizontal braking forces (HBF) in the PEN (r=-0.337) lower HBF ratios (r=-0.429) and lower FINAL vertical impact forces(VIF) (r=0.449-0.559). Faster athletes demonstrated significantly (p<0.05, ES=1.08–2.54)shorter FINAL GCTs, produced lower VIF, lower HBF ratios and greater HPF in comparison to slower athletes. These findings suggest that different mechanical properties are required to produce faster CODS performance, with differences in mechanical properties observed between fast and slower performers. Furthermore, applying a greater proportion of braking force during the PEN relative to the FINAL may be advantageous for turning performance.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Strength and Conditioning research
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 1064-8011
Related URLs:
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: Dr Paul Anthony Jones
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2016 09:51
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2016 09:51
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/39430

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