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The reality of myoelectric prostheses : understanding what makes these devices difficult for some users to control

Chadwell, A, Kenney, LPJ, Thies, SBA, Galpin, AJ and Head, JS 2016, 'The reality of myoelectric prostheses : understanding what makes these devices difficult for some users to control' , Frontiers in Neurorobotics, 10 (7) .

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Abstract

Users of myoelectric prostheses can often find them difficult to control. This can lead to passive-use of the device or total rejection, which can have detrimental effects on the contralateral limb due to overuse. Current clinically available prostheses are ‘open loop’ systems, and although considerable effort has been focused on developing biofeedback to “close the loop”, there is evidence from laboratory-based studies that other factors, notably improving predictability of response, may be as, if not more, important. Interestingly, despite a large volume of research aimed at improving myoelectric prostheses, it is not currently known which aspect of clinically available systems has the greatest impact on overall functionality and everyday usage. A protocol has therefore been designed to assess EMG skill of the user and predictability of the prosthesis response as significant parts of the control chain, and to relate these to functionality and everyday usage. Here we present the protocol and results from early pilot work. A set of experiments has been developed. Firstly to characterize user skill in generating the required level of EMG signal, as well as the speed with which users are able to make the decision to activate the appropriate muscles. Secondly, to measure unpredictability introduced at the skin-electrode interface, in order to understand the effects of the socket mounted electrode fit under different loads on the variability of time taken for the prosthetic hand to respond. To evaluate prosthesis user functionality, four different outcome measures are assessed. Using a simple upper limb functional task prosthesis users are assessed for (1) success of task completion, (2)task duration, (3) quality of movement, and (4) gaze behavior. To evaluate everyday usage away from the clinic, the symmetricity of their real-world arm use is assessed using activity monitoring. These methods will later be used to assess a prosthesis user cohort, to establish the relative contribution of each control factor to the individual measures of functionality and everyday usage (using multiple regression models). The results will support future researchers, designers and clinicians in concentrating their efforts on the area which will have the greatest impact on improving prosthesis use.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
Publisher: Frontiers
ISSN: 1662-5218
Related URLs:
Funders: University of Salford
Depositing User: Professor Laurence Kenney
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2016 07:38
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2016 13:25
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/39678

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