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The effects of swimming fatigue on shoulder strength, range of motion, joint control, and performance in swimmers

Matthews, MJ, Green, D, Matthews, HP and Swanwick, E 2016, 'The effects of swimming fatigue on shoulder strength, range of motion, joint control, and performance in swimmers' , Physical Therapy in Sport .

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Abstract

Purpose To investigate the effects of training induced fatigue on shoulder strength, ROM, joint position sense, and stroke length in elite competitive swimmers. Methods Seventeen national level swimmers performed maximum isometric strength (internal and external rotation), ROM, and joint position sense tests before and after a fatiguing 8 × 100 m training set. Stroke length, heart rate, blood lactate and blood glucose levels were recorded throughout. Results Peak blood lactate, blood glucose levels, and heart rate increased significantly (P < 0.001) post-training confirming fatigue. Reductions were observed in stroke length of both arms (P < 0.001), external rotation range of motion (P < 0.001, −5.29°, Right shoulder; P = 0.04, −3.18°, Left shoulder) and joint position sense in their dominant (breathing side) arm (P = 0.03). Conclusions This investigation revealed a reduction in stroke length across both arms and also an arm bias in swimming whereby a greater reduction in both external rotation range and joint position sense was observed in the dominant arm when fatigued. This has highlighted a relationship between fatigue and potential mechanism of shoulder pathology in swimmers.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Physical Therapy in Sport
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1466-853X
Related URLs:
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: MJ Matthews
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2016 08:08
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2016 08:08
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/40094

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