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Infant and adult visual attention during an imitation demonstration

Taylor, G and Herbert, JS 2014, 'Infant and adult visual attention during an imitation demonstration' , Developmental Psychobiology, 56 (4) , pp. 770-782.

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Abstract

Deferred imitation tasks have shown that manipulations at encoding can enhance infant learning and memory performance within an age, suggesting that brain maturation alone cannot fully account for all developmental changes in early memory abilities. The present study investigated whether changes in the focus of attention during learning might contribute to improving memory abilities during infancy. Infants aged 6, 9, and 12 months, and an adult comparison group, watched a video of a puppet imitation demonstration while visual behavior was recorded on an eye tracker. Overall, infants spent less time attending to the video than adults, and distributed their gaze more equally across the demonstrator and puppet stimulus. In contrast, adults directed their gaze primarily to the puppet. When infants were tested for their behavioral recall of the target actions, “imitators” were shown to have increased attention to the person and decreased attention to the background compared to “non-imitators.” These results suggest that attention during learning is related to memory outcome and that changes in attention may be one mechanism by which manipulations to the learning event may enhance infant recall memory.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Developmental Psychobiology
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0012-1630
Related URLs:
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
Depositing User: G Taylor
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2016 15:02
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 15:02
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/40282

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