Strong nonlinear focusing of light in nonlinearly controlled electromagnetic active metamaterial field concentrators

Rapoport, YG, Boardman, AD, Grimalsky, VV, Ivchenko, VM and Kalinich, N 2014, 'Strong nonlinear focusing of light in nonlinearly controlled electromagnetic active metamaterial field concentrators' , Journal of Optics, 16 (5) , 055202.

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Abstract

The idea of nonlinear 'transformation optics-inspired' [1–6] electromagnetic cylindrical field concentrators has been taken up in a preliminary manner in a number of conference reports [7–9]. Such a concentrator includes both external linear region with a dielectric constant increased towards the centre and internal region with nonlinearity characterized by constant coefficients. Then, in the process of farther investigations we realized the following factors considered neither in [7–9] nor in the recent paper [10]: saturation of nonlinearity, nonlinear losses, linear gain, numerical convergence, when nonlinear effect becomes very strong and formation of 'hotspots' starts. It is clearly demonstrated here that such a strongly nonlinear process starts when the nonlinear amplitude of any incident beam(s) exceeds some 'threshold' value. Moreover, it is shown that the formation of hotspots may start as the result of any of the following processes: an increase of the input amplitude, increasing the linear amplification in the central nonlinear region, decreasing the nonlinear losses, a decrease in the saturation of the nonlinearity. Therefore, a tendency to a formation of 'hotspots' is a rather universal feature of the strongly nonlinear behaviour of the 'nonlinear resonator' system, while at the same time the system is not sensitive to the 'prehistory' of approaching nonlinear threshold intensity (amplitude). The new proposed method includes a full-wave nonlinear solution analysis (in the nonlinear region), a new form of complex geometric optics (in the linear inhomogeneous external cylinder), and new boundary conditions, matching both solutions. The observed nonlinear phenomena will have a positive impact upon socially and environmentally important devices of the future. Although a graded-index concentrator is used here, it is a direct outcome of transformation optics. Numerical evaluations show that for known materials these nonlinear effects could be readily achieved.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Optics
Publisher: European Optical Society
ISSN: 2040-8978
Depositing User: Robert Shaw
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2016 16:10
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2016 16:10
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/40480

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