Claustrophobia in magnetic resonance imaging: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Munn, Z, Moola, S, Lisy, K, Riitano, D and Murphy, FJ 2015, 'Claustrophobia in magnetic resonance imaging: A systematic review and meta-analysis' , Radiography, 21 (2) , e59-e63.

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Abstract

Purpose Anxiety and claustrophobia are common during MRI scanning. It has been estimated that 2 million scans worldwide cannot be performed annually either due to premature scan termination or refusal due to claustrophobia. The actual prevalence of claustrophobic reactions (defined here as scan terminations or refusals) reported in published studies varies significantly. Materials and methods A systematic search was performed to identify literature on this topic. Studies were included if they assessed adults undergoing MRI and reported on claustrophobic reactions. Data on the proportion of patients who suffered a claustrophobic reaction was extracted and combined in a meta-analysis where possible. Following the search, 18 studies were retrieved that met the inclusion criteria. Results There was significant clinical and statistical heterogeneity across the included studies, and data was only included in meta-analysis where there were comparable populations and scan. The pooled proportion for scan terminations due to claustrophobia equalled 1.18% (95% CI 0.79–1.65). Conclusion The results of this review show that claustrophobia is an issue when undergoing MRI, with approximately 1 out of 100 or 12 out of 1000 people scanned experiencing a claustrophobic reaction requiring premature termination of the scan. Health professionals working in MRI should be prepared to encounter claustrophobic patients.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Radiography
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1078-8174
Depositing User: WM Taylor
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2016 13:56
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2016 13:56
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/40600

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