Comparison of biomechanical characteristics of the knee joint during forward walking and backward walking

Xiao, F, Liu, A, Wu, Y, Ma, A-B, Wang, Y-Z and Gu, D-Y 2015, 'Comparison of biomechanical characteristics of the knee joint during forward walking and backward walking' , Yiyong Shengwu Lixue/Journal of Medical Biomechanics, 30 (3) , pp. 264-269.

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Abstract

Objective: To compare biomechanical characteristics of the knee joint during forward walking and backward walking. Methods: Temporal-spatial, kinematics, kinetics parameters of 13 healthy young male volunteers were collected and compared by 3D motion capture system Vicon T40 and force platforms AMTI OR6-7. Results: Compared with forward walking, the speed, cadence and stride length significantly decreased, while the gait cycle and stance phase percentage in gait cycle significantly increased during backward walking. In the sagittal plane, the range of motion (ROM), the maximum flexion/extension moment of the knee were smaller during backward walking. In the frontal plane, the ROM of knee varus/valgus during backward walking decreased, and the peak value of knee adduction moment significantly reduced in the early stance phase while significantly increased in the late stance phase of backward walking. The peak value of ground reaction force (GRF) was significantly larger in the early stance phase while smaller in the late stance phase during backward walking than that during forward walking. Conclusions: The biomechanical characteristics of the knee joint during forward walking and backward walking are significantly different. Compared with forward walking, backward walking is helpful to reduce the medial compartment load in the early stance phase. Further study will be needed to investigate the effects of backward walking on knee joint loading in the late stance phase.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Yiyong Shengwu Lixue/Journal of Medical Biomechanics
Publisher: Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine
ISSN: 1004-7220
Depositing User: WM Taylor
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2016 13:22
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2016 13:22
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/40820

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