Total hip arthroplasty improves pain and function but not physical activity

Jeldi, AJ, Deakin, AH, Allen, D, Granat, MH, Grant, M and Stansfield, B 2017, 'Total hip arthroplasty improves pain and function but not physical activity' , The Journal of Arthroplasty .

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Abstract

Background: People with hip osteoarthritis are likely to limit physical activity (PA) engagement due to pain and lack of function. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) reduces pain and improves function, potentially allowing increased PA. PA of THA patients was quantified to 12m post-operation. The hypothesis was that post-operatively levels of PA would increase. Methods: PA of 30 THA patients (67±7 years) was objectively measured pre-operatively and three and 12 months post-operation. Harris Hip Score (HHS), Oxford Hip Score (OHS) and six minute walk test (6MWT) were recorded. Mixed linear modelling was used to examine relationships of outcomes with time, baseline BMI, age, gender and baseline HHS. Results: Time was not a significant factor in predicting volume measures of PA, including sit-to-stand transitions, upright time and steps. Notably baseline BMI was a significant predictor of upright time, steps, largest number of steps in an upright bout, HHS and 6MWT. Baseline HHS helped predict longest upright bout, cadence of walking bouts >60s and OHS. The significant effect of participant as a random intercept in the model for PA outcomes suggested habituation from pre- to post-surgery. Conclusions: Volume measures of PA did not change from pre- to 12m post-surgery despite improvement in HHS, OHS and 6MWT. Baseline BMI was a more important predictor of upright activity and stepping than time. Pre- and post-operative PA promotion could be used to modify apparently habitual low levels of PA to enable full health benefits of THA to be gained.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: The Journal of Arthroplasty
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0883-5403
Related URLs:
Depositing User: MH Granat
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2017 14:13
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 03:35
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/41322

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