Dynamics of variable-viscosity nanofluid flow with heat transfer in a flexible vertical tube under peristaltic waves

Beg, OA, Akbar, NS, Huda, AB and Khan, MY 2017, 'Dynamics of variable-viscosity nanofluid flow with heat transfer in a flexible vertical tube under peristaltic waves' , Results in physics, 7 , pp. 413-425.

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Abstract

The present investigation addresses nanofluid flow and heat transfer in a vertical tube with temperature-dependent viscosity. A Tiwari-Das type formulation is employed for the nanofluid with a viscosity modification. The transport equations are transformed from a cylindrical coordinate system with appropriate variables and simplified via longwave length and low Reynolds number approximations. The resulting boundary value problem is solved analytically. The influence of heat source/sink parameter (), Grashof number (Gr) and the viscosity parameter () and nanoparticle volume fraction () on velocity, temperature, pressure gradient, pressure rise and wall shear stress distributions is presented graphically. Three different nanofluid suspensions are investigated- Titanium oxide-water, Copper oxide-water and Silver-water. Streamline plots are also computed to illustrate bolus dynamics and trapping phenomena which characterize peristaltic propulsion. The computations show that wall shear stress is maximum for the Silver-water nanofluid case. Furthermore the pressure rise is reduced with increasing Grashof number, heat absorption parameter and viscosity parameter in the augmented pumping region whereas the contrary response is observed in the peristaltic pumping region. Significant modification in the quantity of trapped boluses is found with different nanofluids and the size of the trapped bolus is decreased in the Titanium oxide-water nanofluid case with either greater heat source or sink parameter. The study is relevant to drug delivery systems exploiting nano-particles.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Results in physics
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2211-3797
Related URLs:
Depositing User: OA Beg
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2017 09:56
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2017 23:13
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/41344

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