Metabolomic analyses show that electron donor and acceptor ratios control anaerobic electron transfer pathways in Shewanella oneidensis

Wang, H, Correa, E, Dunn, WB, Winder, CL, Goodacre, R and Lloyd, JR 2013, 'Metabolomic analyses show that electron donor and acceptor ratios control anaerobic electron transfer pathways in Shewanella oneidensis' , Metabolomics, 9 (3) , pp. 642-656.

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Abstract

This study investigated the physiological impact of changing electron donor–acceptor ratios on electron transfer pathways in the metabolically flexible subsurface bacterium Shewanella oneidensis, using batch and chemostat cultures, with an azo dye (ramazol black B) as the model electron acceptor. Altering the growth rate did result in changes in biomass yield, but not in other key physiological parameters including the total cytochrome content of the cells, the production of extracellular flavin redox shuttles or the potential of the organism to reduce the azo dye. Dramatic increases in the ability to reduce the dye were noted when cells were grown under conditions of electron acceptor (fumarate) limitation, although the yields of extracellular redox mediators (flavins) were similar under conditions of electron donor (lactate) or acceptor limitation. FT-IR spectroscopy confirmed shifts in the metabolic fingerprints of cells grown under these contrasting conditions, while spectrophotometric analyses supported a critical role for c-type cytochromes, expressed at maximal concentrations under conditions of electron acceptor limitation. Finally, key intracellular metabolites were quantified in batch experiments at various electron donor and acceptor ratios and analysed using discriminant analysis and a Bayesian network to construct a central metabolic pathway model for cells grown under conditions of electron donor or acceptor limitation. These results have identified key mechanisms involved in controlling electron transfer in Shewanella species, and have highlighted strategies to maximise reductive activity for a range of bioprocesses.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
Journal or Publication Title: Metabolomics
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1573-3882
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Dr Elon Correa
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2017 14:41
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 02:22
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/41373

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