A comparison of deformed wing virus in deformed and asymptomatic honey bees

Brettell, LE, Mordecai, GJ, Schroeder, DC, Jones, IM, da Silva, JR, Vicente-Rubiano, M and Martin, SJ 2017, 'A comparison of deformed wing virus in deformed and asymptomatic honey bees' , Insects, 8 (1) .

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Abstract

Deformed wing virus (DWV) in association with Varroa destructor is currently attributed to being responsible for colony collapse in the western honey bee (Apis mellifera). The appearance of deformed individuals within an infested colony has long been associated with colony losses. However, it is unknown why only a fraction of DWV positive bees develop deformed wings. This study concerns two small studies comparing deformed and non-deformed bees. In Brazil, asymptomatic bees (no wing deformity) that had been parasitised by Varroa as pupae had higher DWV loads than non-parasitised bees. However, we found no greater bilateral asymmetry in wing morphology due to DWV titres or parasitisation. As expected, using RT-qPCR, deformed bees were found to contain the highest viral loads. In a separate study, next generation sequencing (NGS) was applied to compare the entire DWV genomes from paired symptomatic and asymptomatic bees from three colonies on two different Hawaiian islands. This revealed no consistent differences between DWV genomes from deformed or asymptomatic bees, with the greatest variation seen between locations, not phenotypes. All samples, except one, were dominated by DWV type A. This small-scale study suggests that there is no unique genetic variant associated with wing deformity; but that many DWV variants have the potential to cause deformity.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Insects
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2075-4450
Related URLs:
Funders: CNPq, Santander Travel Bursary, British Beekeeping Association, C. B. Dennis, Apis_m, Marine Biological, Biotechnology and Biosciences Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)
Depositing User: WM Taylor
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2017 11:20
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2017 14:38
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/41542

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