Finite element computation of transient dissipative double diffusive magneto-convective nanofluid flow from a rotating vertical porous surface in porous media

Beg, OA, Thumma, T and Sheri, SR 2017, 'Finite element computation of transient dissipative double diffusive magneto-convective nanofluid flow from a rotating vertical porous surface in porous media' , Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part N: Journal of Nanomaterials, Nanoengineering and Nanosystems, 231 (2) , pp. 89-108.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Accepted Version
Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

This paper aimed to investigate the transient dissipative MHD double diffusive free convective boundary layer flow of electrically-conducting nanofluids from a stationary or moving vertical porous surface in a rotating high permeability porous medium, considering buoyancy, thermal radiation and first order chemical reaction. Thermo-diffusion (Soret) and diffuso-thermal (Dufour) effects are also considered. Darcy’s law is employed. The mathematical model is formulated by considering water-based nanofluids containing metallic nano-particles for both stationary and moving plate cases. Three nanofluids are examined, namely copper, aluminium oxide or titanium oxide in water. The transformed non-linear, coupled, dimensionless partial differential equations describing the flow are solved with physically appropriate boundary conditions by using Galerkin weighted residual scheme. For prescribed permeability, numerical results are presented graphically for the influence of a number of emerging parameters. Validation of finite element solutions for skin friction and Nusselt number is achieved via comparison with the previously published work as special cases of the present investigation and very good correlation obtained. Increasing rotational parameter is observed to reduce both primary and secondary velocity components. Primary and secondary velocities are consistently elevated with increasing Soret, Dufour, thermal Grashof and solutal Grashof numbers. Increasing Schmidt number, chemical reaction and suction parameter both suppress nano - particle concentration whereas the converse behavior is computed with increasing Soret number. The study is relevant to high temperature rotating chemical engineering systems exploiting magnetized nanofluids and also electromagnetic nanomaterial manufacturing processes.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part N: Journal of Nanomaterials, Nanoengineering and Nanosystems
Publisher: Sage
ISSN: 2397-7914
Depositing User: OA Beg
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2017 15:00
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2017 10:48
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/41606

Actions (login required)

Edit record (repository staff only) Edit record (repository staff only)

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year