Season-modulated responses of Neotropical bats to forest fragmentation

Ferreira, DF, Rocha, R, Lopez-Baucells, A, Farneda, FZ, Carreiras, JMB, Palmeirim, JM and Meyer, CFJ 2017, 'Season-modulated responses of Neotropical bats to forest fragmentation' , Ecology and Evolution, 7 (11) , pp. 4059-4071.

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Abstract

Seasonality causes fluctuations in resource availability, affecting the presence and abundance of animal species. The impacts of these oscillations on wildlife populations can be exacerbated by habitat fragmentation. We assessed differences in bat species abundance between the wet and dry season in a fragmented landscape in the Central Amazon characterized by primary forest fragments embedded in a secondary forest matrix. We also evaluated whether the relative importance of local vegetation structure versus landscape characteristics (composition and configuration) in shaping bat abundance patterns varied between seasons. Our working hypotheses were that abundance responses are species- as well as season-specific, and that in the wet season local vegetation structure is a stronger determinant of bat abundance than landscape-scale attributes. Generalized linear mixed-effects models in combination with hierarchical partitioning revealed that relationships between species abundances and local vegetation structure and landscape characteristics were both season-specific and scale-dependent. Overall, landscape characteristics were more important than local vegetation characteristics, suggesting that landscape structure is likely to play an even more important role in landscapes with higher fragment-matrix contrast. Responses varied between frugivores and animalivores. In the dry season, frugivores responded more to compositional metrics whereas during the wet season local and configurational metrics were more important. Animalivores showed similar patterns in both seasons, responding to the same group of metrics in both seasons. Differences in responses likely reflect seasonal differences in the phenology of flowering and fruiting between primary and secondary forests, which affected the foraging behavior and habitat use of bats. Management actions should encompass multi-scale approaches to account for the idiosyncratic responses of species to seasonal variation in resource abundance and consequently to local and landscape scale attributes.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Ecology and Evolution
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 2045-7758
Related URLs:
Depositing User: WM Taylor
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2017 12:19
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 02:22
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/42133

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