Prenatal alcohol exposure and traumatic childhood experiences : a systematic review

Price, Alan David, Cook, PA, Norgate, SH and Mukherjee, RAS 2017, 'Prenatal alcohol exposure and traumatic childhood experiences : a systematic review' , Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 80 , pp. 89-98.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (345kB) | Preview
[img] PDF - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (593kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and traumatic childhood experiences (trauma) such as abuse or neglect can each cause central nervous system neurobiological changes or structural damage which can manifest as cognitive and behavioural dysfunction. In cases where both exposures have occurred, the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment may be greater, but this interaction has not been well studied. Here we present a systematic review that identified five primary research studies which investigated either the impact of trauma in children with PAE, or of PAE in children with trauma. Due to the heterogeneity of studies, narrative analysis was applied. Children in these cohorts with both exposures were more likely to show deficits in language, attention, memory and intelligence, and exhibit more severe behavioural problems than children with one exposure in absence of the other. However, the current literature is scarce and methodologically flawed. Further studies are required that: assess dual exposure in other neurodevelopmental domains; feature developmentally impaired yet non-exposed controls; and account for the wide spectrum of effects and different diagnostic criteria associated with PAE.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0149-7634
Related URLs:
Depositing User: WM Taylor
Date Deposited: 26 May 2017 07:51
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2017 07:03
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/42375

Actions (login required)

Edit record (repository staff only) Edit record (repository staff only)

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year