Patellar tendon in vivo regional strain with varying knee angle

Pearson, SJ, Mohammed, ASA and Hussain, SR 2017, 'Patellar tendon in vivo regional strain with varying knee angle' , Journal of Biomechanics .

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Abstract

Purpose: Descriptive data on the aspects of site specific in vivo tendon strain with varying knee joint angle are non-existent. The present study determines and compares surface and deep layer strain of the patellar tendon during isometric contractions across a range of knee joint angles. Methods: Male participants (age 22.0 ± 3.4) performed ramped isometric knee extensions at knee joint angles of 900, 700, 500 and 300 of flexion. Strain patterns of the anterior and posterior regions of the patellar tendon were determined using real-time B-mode ultrasonography at each knee joint angle. Regional strain measures were compared using an automated pixel tracking method. Results: Strain was seen to be greatest for both the anterior and posterior regions with the knee at 900 (7.76 ± 0.89% and 5.06 ± 0.76%). Anterior strain was seen to be significantly greater (p<0.05) than posterior strain for all knee angles apart from 300, 900 = (7.76 vs. 5.06%), 700 = (4.77 vs. 3.75%), and 500 = (3.74 vs. 2.90%). The relative strain (ratio of anterior to posterior), was greatest with the knee joint angle at 900, and decreased as the knee joint angle reduced. Conclusions: The results from this study indicate that not only are there greater absolute tendon strains with the knee in greater flexion, but that the knee joint angle affects the regional strain differentially, resulting in greater shear between the tendon layers with force application when the knee is in greater degrees of flexion. These results have important implications for rehabilitation and training.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Biomechanics
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0021-9290
Related URLs:
Depositing User: S Pearson
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2017 12:25
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2017 14:11
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/42907

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