Desertification and city resilience in Siwa, Egypt

Kenawy, I and Al-Hegazi, S 2017, 'Desertification and city resilience in Siwa, Egypt' , in: PLEA 2017 Design to Thrive Proceedings , Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings, Edinburgh, pp. 2767-2774.

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Insufficient landuse planning has accelerated the impact of desertification disasters. By 2050 desertification will lead over 700 million people to migrate from rural areas to crowded cities (UNUESH, 2014). In context, Siwa oasis is one of the threatened cities in Egypt. Urban ecology is a one of the recent approaches in city planning, using ecological science perception, methodology and applications that could help understand cities' behaviour under any environmental shocks. This paper highlights the role of urban ecology in the maintenance of lands facing natural disasters including degradation taking into consideration the communities' perspective. It sheds light to the vulnerability status of land degradation hazard of Siwian communities in the Egyptian desert. This approach focuses on exploring and evaluating the citizens' awareness of their dynamic nature and the role of individuals to maximise their resilience, and their adaptive capacity towards desertification. Observations and questionnaires were designed in order to examine the severity of negative effect from desertification using the adaptive capacity and vulnerability variables. The data generated from the fieldwork showed a power struggle between education, culture and communication. Involving the community in urban solutions can minimise the effect of desertification and increase their resilience mechanism to land degradation regime.

Item Type: Book Section
Editors: Brotas, L, Roaf, S and Nicol, F
Schools: Schools > School of the Built Environment
Publisher: Network for Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings
ISBN: 9780992895754
Depositing User: Dr Inji Kenawy
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2017 09:47
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2017 12:46

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