Differential effects of low-molecular-weight organic acids on the mobilization of soil-borne arsenic and trace metals

Nworie, O, Qin, J and Lin, C 2017, 'Differential effects of low-molecular-weight organic acids on the mobilization of soil-borne arsenic and trace metals' , Toxics, 5 (3) .

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Abstract

A batch experiment was conducted to examine the effects of six low-molecular-weight organic acids on the mobilization of arsenic and trace metals from a range of contaminated soils. The results showed that the organic acids behaved differently when reacting with soil-borne As and trace metals. Oxalic acid and acetic acid had the strongest and weakest capacity to mobilize the investigated elements, respectively. The solubilisation of iron oxides by the organic acids appears to play a critical role in mobilizing other trace metals and As. Apart from acidification and complexation, reductive dissolution played a dominant role in the dissolution of iron oxides in the presence of oxalic acid, while acidification tended to be more important for dissolving iron oxides in the presence of other organic acids. The unique capacity of oxalic acid to solubilize iron oxides tended to affect the mobilization of other elements in different ways. For Cu, Mn, and Zn, acidification-driven mobilization was likely to be dominant while complexation might play a major role in Pb mobilization. The formation of soluble Fe and Pb oxalate complexes could effectively prevent arsenate or arsenite from combining with these metals to form solid phases of Fe or Pb arsenate or arsenite.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Toxics
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2305-6304
Related URLs:
Depositing User: C Lin
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 11:11
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2017 11:23
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/43812

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