Cloud computing for disaster response management stemming from terrorism in Iraq

Al-Dahash, HF, Al-Shammari, S, Kulatunga, U and Hardman, MD 2017, Cloud computing for disaster response management stemming from terrorism in Iraq , in: 13th International Postgraduate Research Conference (IPGRC), 14-15 September 2017, University of Salford, UK.

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Abstract

Abstract: Effective response to disasters requires assessing information prior to, during, and after potentially catastrophic events, as well as initiating activities that will lessen their impact upon society. The post-war transitions in Iraq have affected the institutional capacities of the state to respond in an efficient manner. Although the draft National Disaster Risk Reduction Law acknowledges the importance of information and knowledge management, it fails to provide a framework for establishing a dedicated information system. Due to the importance of an effective and efficient disaster management information system, this should be linked to local authorities, local early warning systems, and the media, to ensure effective use of disaster risk information for public awareness. The fact that disaster management data is often complex, large, and from different organisations, this requires a fast, scalable and accessible system to manage the complexity of the collected data. As cloud computing is considered a technology for providing synchronous, on-line information management with accessibility of data regardless of the storage resources’ location, this paper highlights the advantages of using cloud computing in managing information and communication in disaster response management, with particular reference to terrorism in the context of Iraq. The paper contributes to the existing knowledge on disaster response management, a field of study that is still largely under explored in the context of the Middle East, and in the context of terrorism more specifically, by reviewing its literature, through a systematic review methodology. This paper will focus, therefore, on the use of cloud computing as a solution to information sharing and communication, during the immediate response to a terrorist attack, due to the advantages of cloud computing in this context, in terms of data availability, reliability, IT and cost reduction.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Schools: Schools > School of the Built Environment > Centre for Urban Processes, Resilient Infrastructures & Sustainable Environments (UPRISE)
Journal or Publication Title: 13th IPGRC 2017 Full Conference Proceedings
Publisher: University of Salford
Depositing User: Hajer Faek Al-Dahash
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 08:52
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2017 10:35
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/43854

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