Effects of footwear variations on three-dimensional kinematics and tibial accelerations of specific movements in American football

Sinclair, JK, Rooney, E, Naemi, R, Atkins, SJ and Chockalingam, N 2016, 'Effects of footwear variations on three-dimensional kinematics and tibial accelerations of specific movements in American football' , Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology, 17 (2) .

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Abstract

American football is associated with a high rate of non-contact chronic injuries. Players are able to select from both high and low cut footwear. The aim of the current investigation was to examine the influence of high and low cut American football specific footwear on tibial accelerations and three-dimensional (3D) kinematics during three sport specific movements. Twelve male American football players performed three movements, run, cut and vertical jump whilst wearing both low and high cut footwear. 3D kinematics of the lower extremities were measured using an eight-camera motion analysis system alongside tibial acceleration parameters which were obtained using a shank mounted accelerometer. Tibial acceleration and 3D kinematic differences between the different footwear were examined using either repeated measures or Friedman’s ANOVA. Tibial accelerations were significantly greater in the low cut footwear in comparison to the high cut footwear for the run and cut movements. In addition, peak ankle eversion and tibial internal rotation parameters were shown to be significantly greater in the low cut footwear in the running and cutting movement conditions. The current study indicates that the utilization of low cut American football footwear for training/performance may place American footballers at increased risk from chronic injuries.
Keywords: American football; footwear; chronic injuries; lower extremity; biomechanics.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health Sciences > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing
ISSN: 0219-5194
Related URLs:
Depositing User: SJ Atkins
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2017 09:15
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2017 16:42
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/44544

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