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Response of multiple rigid porous layers to high levels of continuous acoustic excitation

Umnova, O, Attenborough, K, Shin, HC and Cummings, A 2004, 'Response of multiple rigid porous layers to high levels of continuous acoustic excitation' , The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (JASA), 116 (2) , pp. 703-712.

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Abstract

A model has been developed for the response of a rigid-porous hard-backed medium containing an arbitrary number of layers to high amplitude sound. Nonlinearity is introduced by means of a velocity-dependent flow resistivity in Johnson's equivalent fluid model for the complex tortuosity of each layer. Numerical solution of the resulting system of algebraic equations allows prediction of the dependence of surface impedance and reflection coefficient on the incident pressure amplitude. Measurements have been made of the surface impedance of various triple layers, made from different diameters of spherical lead shot and double layers consisting of gravel with different mean particle size, subject to high-intensity continuous sound. Good agreement between the model predictions and data for these multiple-granular layers is demonstrated. Moreover it is shown both theoretically and experimentally that the layer configuration giving optimum performance at low sound intensities may not continue to do so as the incident sound level is increased and the response becomes increasingly nonlinear. It is shown also that the nonlinear behavior depends strongly on layering and that, in some cases, the behavior is changed simply by changing the top layer thickness.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Subjects / Themes > Q Science > QC Physics > QC221-246 Acoustics - Sound
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment
Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Acoustics Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (JASA)
Publisher: Acoustical Society of America
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 00014966
Depositing User: H Kenna
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2007 12:47
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:47
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/465

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