Exploring zoning scenario impacts upon urban growth simulations using a dynamic spatial model

Yin, H, Kong, F, Yang, X, James, P and Dronova, I 2018, 'Exploring zoning scenario impacts upon urban growth simulations using a dynamic spatial model' , Cities .

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Abstract

Dynamic spatial models are being increasingly used to explore urban changes and evaluate the social and environmental consequences of urban growth. However, inadequate representation of spatial complexity, regional differentiation, and growth management policies can result in urban models with a high overall prediction accuracy but low pixel-matching precision. Correspondingly, improving urban growth prediction accuracy and reliability has become an important area of research in geographic information science and applied urban studies. This work focuses on exploring the potential impacts of zoning on urban growth simulations. Although the coding of land-use types into distinct zones is an important growth management strategy, it has not been adequately addressed in urban modeling practices. In this study, we developed a number of zoning schemes and examined their impacts on urban growth predictions using a cellular automaton-based dynamic spatial model. Using the city of Jinan, a fast-growing large metropolis in China, as the study site, five zoning scenarios were designed: no zoning (S0), zoning based on land-use type (S1), zoning based on urbanized suitability (S2), zoning based on administrative division (S3), and zoning based on development planning subdivision (S4). Under these scenarios, growth was simulated and the respective prediction accuracies and projected patterns were evaluated against observed urban patterns derived from remote sensing. It was found that zoning can affect prediction accuracy and projected urbanized patterns, with the zoning scenarios taking spatial differentiation of planning policies into account (i.e., S2–4) generating better predictions of newly urbanized pixels, better representing urban clustered development, and boosting the level of spatial matching relative to zoning by land-use type (S1). The novelty of this work lies in its design of specific zoning scenarios based on spatial differentiation and growth management policies and in its insight into the impacts of various zoning scenarios on urban growth simulation. These findings indicate opportunities for the more accurate projection of urban pattern growth through the use of dynamic models with appropriately designed zoning scenarios.

Keywords:urban growth simulation; zoning scenarios; cellular automaton models; spatial matching; prediction accuracy

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Cities
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0264-2751
Related URLs:
Funders: National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51478217, 31670470), Jiangsu Oversea Research & Training Program for University Prominent Young & Middle-aged Teachers and Presidents
Depositing User: Professor Philip James
Date Deposited: 02 May 2018 10:00
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 18:16
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/46915

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