Comparison of experimental ponds for the treatment of dye wastewater under controlled and semi-natural conditions

Yaseen, DA and Scholz, M 2017, 'Comparison of experimental ponds for the treatment of dye wastewater under controlled and semi-natural conditions' , Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24 (19) , pp. 16031-16040.

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Abstract

This study compares the performance of simulated shallow ponds vegetated with Lemna minor L. under controlled and semi-natural conditions for the treatment of simulated wastewater containing textile dyes. The objectives were to assess the water quality outflow parameters, the potential of L. minor concerning the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and four azo dyes (Acid blue 113, reactive blue 198, Direct Orange 46 and Basic Red 46) and the plants’ growth rate. Findings show that all mean outflow values of COD, total dissolved solids (TDS) and electrical conductivity (EC) were significantly (p < 0.05) lower within the outdoor compared to the indoor experiment except the dissolved oxygen (DO). The COD removal was low for both experiments. The outflow TDS values were acceptable for all ponds. The pond systems were able to reduce only BR46 significantly (p < 0.05) for the tested boundary conditions. Removals under laboratory conditions were better than those for semi-natural environments, indicating the suitability of operating the pond system as a polishing step in warmer regions. The mean outflow values of zinc and copper were below the thresholds set for drinking and irrigation waters and acceptable for L. minor. The dyes inhibited the growth of the L. minor.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Research Article, Basic Red 46, Biological treatment, Environmental conditions, Fertiliser, Lemna minor L., Pond system, Synthetic dye, Textile
Schools: Schools > School of Environment and Life Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 1614-7499
Related URLs:
SWORD Depositor: Publications Router
Depositing User: Publications Router
Date Deposited: 24 May 2018 07:28
Last Modified: 24 May 2018 14:32
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/47101

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