Slip and hall current effects on Jeffrey fluid suspension flow in a peristaltic hydromagnetic blood micropump

Ramesh, K, Tripathi, D, Beg, OA and Kadir, A 2018, 'Slip and hall current effects on Jeffrey fluid suspension flow in a peristaltic hydromagnetic blood micropump' , Iranian Journal of Science and Technology: Transactions of Mechanical Engineering .

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Abstract

The magnetic properties of blood allow it to be manipulated with an electromagnetic field. Electromagnetic blood flow pumps are a robust technology which provide more elegant and sustainable performance compared with conventional medical pumps. Blood is a complex multi-phase suspension with non-Newtonian characteristics which are significant in micro-scale transport. Motivated by such applications, in the present article a mathematical model is developed for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) pumping of blood in a deformable channel with peristaltic waves. A Jeffery’s viscoelastic formulation is employed for the rheology of blood. A twophase fluid-particle (“dusty”) model is utilized to better simulate suspension characteristics (plasma and erythrocytes). Hall current and wall slip effects are incorporated to achieve more realistic representation of actual systems. A two-dimensional asymmetric channel with dissimilar peristaltic wave trains propagating along the walls is considered. The governing conservation equations for mass, fluid and particle momentum are formulated with appropriate boundary conditions. The model is simplified using of long wavelength and creeping flow approximations. The model is also transformed from the fixed frame to the wave frame and rendered non-dimensional. Analytical solutions are derived. The resulting boundary value problem is solved analytically and exact expressions are derived for the fluid velocity, particulate velocity, fluid/particle fluid and particulate volumetric flow rates, axial pressure gradient, pressure rise and skin friction distributions are evaluated in detail. Increasing Hall current parameter reduces bolus growth in the channel, particle phase velocity and pressure difference in the augmented pumping region whereas it increases fluid phase velocity, axial pressure gradient and pressure difference in the pumping region. Increasing the hydrodynamic slip parameter accelerates both particulate and fluid phase flow at and close to the channel walls, enhances wall skin friction, boosts pressure difference in the augmented pumping region and increases bolus magnitudes. Increasing viscoelastic parameter (stress relaxation time to retardation time ratio) decelerates the fluid phase flow, accelerates the particle phase flow, decreases axial pressure gradient, elevates pressure difference in the augmented pumping region and reduces pressure difference in the pumping region. Increasing drag particulate suspension parameter decelerates the particle phase velocity, accelerates the fluid phase velocity, strongly elevates axial pressure gradient and reduces pressure difference (across one wavelength) in the augmented pumping region. Increasing particulate volume fraction density enhances bolus magnitudes in both the upper and lower zones of the channel and elevates pressure rise in the augmented pumping region.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Journal of Science and Technology: Transactions of Mechanical Engineering
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 2228-6187
Related URLs:
Depositing User: OA Beg
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2018 08:58
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2018 18:37
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/47863

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