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Head injury: long-term consequences for patients and families and implications for nurses

Kneafsey, R and Gawthorpe, DM 2004, 'Head injury: long-term consequences for patients and families and implications for nurses' , Journal of Clinical Nursing, 13 (5) , pp. 601-608.

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Abstract

Background: Head injury as a result of trauma is an important cause of long-term disability. Recently published guidance from the National Institute for Clinical Excellence on Acute Head Injuries and a forthcoming National Service Framework for Long-Term Neurological Conditions provides renewed focus on this practice speciality. Aims and objectives: This article presents a narrative review of a range of quantitative and qualitative studies that have explored the impact of head injury and postinjury disabilities on patients' and families lives. Results: Patients may experience a range of physical, emotional, cognitive, social and behavioural problems after head injury that will have a significant impact on both their own and their families' everyday lives. It is important that the behavioural, physical and psychological aspects of head injury are addressed. Carers may be vulnerable to stress and anxiety as a result of their caring role. Conclusions: It is often in the longer term that the true complexity and impact of head injury may become apparent. Ongoing support, from a range of services, will be required to assist both patient and family to cope with their circumstances. Ensuring that practice is evidence based, it is necessary to conduct further research, both to explore the effectiveness of current service provision and investigate those aspects deemed important by patients and carers. Relevance to clinical practice: As nurses play an important role in both the acute and long-term care and support of those who have suffered a head injury, it is vital that they are aware of the wide ranging needs with which patients and families may present.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain injury, narrative review, nursing
Themes: Subjects / Themes > R Medicine > RT Nursing
Subjects / Themes > R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Subjects / Themes > H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman > HQ503 The family. Marriage. Home
Health and Wellbeing
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Nursing, Midwifery, Social Work & Social Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 09621067
Depositing User: H Kenna
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2007 14:54
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:45
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/63

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