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Development of sustainability indicators by communities in China: a case study of Chongming County, Shanghai

Yuan, W, James, P, Hodgson, K, Hutchinson, SM and Shi, C 2003, 'Development of sustainability indicators by communities in China: a case study of Chongming County, Shanghai ' , Journal of Environmental Management, 68 (3) , pp. 253-262.

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Abstract

Public participation as a means of identifying sustainability indicators for Chongming County, Shanghai, China was evaluated by an international group drawing on established best practice. An initial 'long list' of 86 sustainability indicators, based on previous indicator systems developed in China, was identified. This 'long list' was reduced via consultations with local academics and local-government officers from Shanghai City and Chongming County to a 'short list' of 17 indicators. This short-list was subjected to further community consultation involving 159 local-government officers, teachers, students (aged 12-14 years), farmers and workers. Data from the consultations indicated differences in the understanding of sustainable development among the different sectors. By combining the data from the different sectors it was possible to identify a consensus around 4 core and 7 additional indicators. These are proposed as indicators which could be used to steer local activities directed towards sustainable development. The list of indicators produced by the people of Chongming Island was compared to local indicator systems in Europe. In comparison with European lists the Chongming list was found to have a greater emphasis on economic development but a similar level of concern for environmental matters. This study has special significance as it reports on the implementation of a process involving local resident participation in the process of sustainable development in China.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Subjects / Themes > H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment
Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Environment and Life Sciences > Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental Management
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0301-4797
Depositing User: H Kenna
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2007 09:53
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:49
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/668

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