Waltham, AC and Swift, GM 2004, 'Bearing capacity of rock over mined cavities in Nottingham.' , Engineering Geology, 75 (1) , pp. 15-31.Full text not available from this repository.
A significant geohazard is created in Nottingham, UK, by hundreds of man-made caves cut in the weak sandstone beneath the city centre. Stability of the caves has been assessed by a single full-scale loading test, by numerical modelling with FLAC and by physical modelling in plaster. For typical caves 4 m wide, bearing capacity of the rock roof rises from 2 MPa where it is 1 m thick to 8 MPa where 3 m thick. Stability decreases over wider caves and where the loading pad edge is over the edge of the cave. Numerical modelling of a very wide cave revealed the failure mechanisms and also showed that an internal support wall increased roof bearing capacity by 50%. Local building regulations that require 3–5 m of rock cover over the sandstone caves appear to be conservative. In stronger rocks, including karstic limestone, a guideline that cover thickness exceeds 70% of the cave width appears to be appropriate.
|Themes:||Subjects / Themes > Q Science > QA Mathematics
Subjects / Themes > T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > TN275 Practical mining operations. Safety measures
Subjects outside of the University Themes
|Schools:||Schools > School of the Built Environment
Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre (SIRC)
|Journal or Publication Title:||Engineering Geology|
|Depositing User:||H Kenna|
|Date Deposited:||09 Oct 2007 10:52|
|Last Modified:||05 Apr 2016 17:31|
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