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Successful hazard analysis critical control point implementation in the United Kingdom: understanding the barriers through the use of a behavioral adherence model

Gilling, SJ, Taylor, E, Kane, K and Taylor, JZ 2001, 'Successful hazard analysis critical control point implementation in the United Kingdom: understanding the barriers through the use of a behavioral adherence model' , Journal of Food Protection, 64 (5) , pp. 710-715.

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Abstract

Hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP), a system of risk management designed to control food safety, has emerged over the last decade as the primary approach to securing the safety of the food supply. It is thus an important tool in combatting the worldwide escalation of foodborne disease. Yet despite wide dissemination and scientific support of its principles, successful HACCP implementation has been limited. This report takes a psychological approach to this problem by examining processes and factors that could impede adherence to the internationally accepted HACCP Guidelines and subsequent successful implementation of HACCP.Utilizing knowledge of medical clinical guideline adherence models and practical experience of HACCP implementation problems, the potential advantages of applying a behavioral model to food safety management are highlighted. The models' applicability was investigated using telephone interviews from over 200 businesses in the United Kingdom. Eleven key barriers to HACCP guideline adherence were identified. In-depth narrative interviews with food business proprietors then confirmed these findings and demonstrated the subsequent negative effect(s) on HACCP implementation. A resultant HACCP awareness to adherence model is proposed that demonstrates the complex range of potential knowledge, attitude, and behavior-related barriers involved in failures of HACCP guideline adherence. The model's specificity and detail provide a tool whereby problems can be identified and located and in this way facilitate tailored and constructive intervention. It is suggested that further investigation into the barriers involved and how to overcome them would be of substantial benefit to successful HACCP implementation and thereby contribute to an overall improvement in public health.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Subjects / Themes > R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > RA0601 Food and food supply in relation to public health
Subjects / Themes > H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001 Business > HF5548.7 Industrial psychology
Subjects / Themes > K Law > K Law (General) > K3840 Regulation of industry, trade, and commerce. Occupational law > K3926 Food processing industries
Subjects / Themes > T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Subjects / Themes > T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP368 Food processing and manufacture
Health and Wellbeing
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Business & Law > Salford Business School > Operations and Global Logistics Management
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Food Protection
Publisher: International Association for Food Protection
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0362-028X
Depositing User: H Kenna
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2007 15:08
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:50
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/766

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