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Lies, damned lies and statistics? Reliability and personal accounts of smoking among young people

Mair, M, Barlow, A, Woods, SE, Kierans, C, Milton, B and Porcellato, L 2006, 'Lies, damned lies and statistics? Reliability and personal accounts of smoking among young people' , Social Science & Medicine, 62 (4) , pp. 1009-1021.

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Abstract

Smoking remains a major problem among young people in Europe. However, within the research community examining the issue, debate continues about the best way of assessing the extent of that problem. Questions have been raised about the extent to which existing techniques for generating statistical representations of patterns of youth smoking can address a range of problems connected with identifying, accounting for and correcting unreliable self-report smoking data. Using empirical data from the UK Liverpool Longitudinal Smoking Study (LLSS), this paper argues that self-report measures of smoking, treated in isolation from participants' personal accounts, can disguise problems with the reliability and validity of a given study. Using longitudinal qualitative and quantitative data in dialogue, two main factors contributing to unreliable data are discussed: (a) participants' access to and familiarity with frameworks of everyday cultural knowledge about the practice of smoking, and (b) participants' retrospective revision of events in line with their current goals, aspirations and self-understandings. The conclusion drawn is that research has to employ multiple methods, minimally incorporating some personal contribution from participants, to explore the complex character of the problem of smoking and to avoid the difficulties posed by the models of smoking behaviour embodied within stand-alone statistical research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: UK, children, adolescents, smoking, self-reports
Themes: Subjects / Themes > H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman > HQ503 The family. Marriage. Home > HQ0767 Children. Child development
Subjects / Themes > R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Health and Wellbeing
Subjects outside of the University Themes
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Nursing, Midwifery, Social Work & Social Sciences > Centre for Social Justice Research
Journal or Publication Title: Social Science & Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 02779536
Depositing User: H Kenna
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2007 09:57
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:45
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/81

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