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Process and IT (Editorial)

Koskela, LJ and Dave, BA 2008, 'Process and IT (Editorial)' , Construction Innovation, 8 (4) , pp. 244-249.

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        Abstract

        Purpose – This paper’s aim is to provide a fresh perspective on how to address process improvement and information technology (IT) in an integrated fashion in order to improve the efficiency of the construction process. Design/methodology/approach –This paper looks at the problems associated with the “conventional” way of addressing IT within construction, and suggests improvements based on integrating three core organisational resources: people, process and technology. Findings – The existing view that IT on its own brings organisational benefits leads to only marginal improvements in organisational efficiency if not resulting in negative impact. However, by correctly integrating people, process and IT initiatives, significant benefits can be achieved. Originality/value – This paper provides value by providing a conceptualisation for addressing people, process and technology within the construction sector.

        Item Type: Article
        Uncontrolled Keywords: Information systems, Business improvement, Process efficiency
        Themes: Subjects / Themes > T Technology > TH Building construction
        Subjects / Themes > T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS155-194 Production management. Operations management
        Built and Human Environment
        Subjects outside of the University Themes
        Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment
        Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment > Salford Centre for Research & Innovation (SCRI)
        Journal or Publication Title: Construction Innovation
        Publisher: Emerald
        Refereed: No
        ISSN: 1471-4175
        Depositing User: LJ Koskela
        Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2010 11:31
        Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:18
        References: Beamish, A. (2008), Learning from Work, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA. Bjo¨rk, B. (1999), “Information technology in construction: domain definition and research issues”, International Journal of Computer-Integrated Design and Construction, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 3-16. Deming (1982), Out of the Crisis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA. Dorgan, S.J. and Dowdy, J.J. (2004), “When IT lifts productivity, research in brief”, McKinsey Quarterly, No. 4, pp. 9-11. Fenves, S.J. (1996), “The penetration of information technologies into civil and structural engineering design: state-of-the-art and directions toward the future”, in Kumar, B. and Retik, A. (Eds), Information Representation and Delivery in Civil and Structural Engineering Design, Civil Comp Press, Edinburgh, pp. 1-5. Fischer, M. and Kunz, J. (2004), “The role of information technology in construction”, CIFE Technical Report No. 156. Folkestad, J.E. (2006), “Concurrent design for production (CDP): materialising interface knowledge on a US residential construction project using computer aided design objects”, Proceedings IGLC-14, Santiago, July. Fox, S. (2008), “Evaluating potential investments in new technologies: balancing assessments of potential benefits with assessments of potential disbenefits, reliability and utilization”, Crit. Perspect. Account (in press). Hannus, M. (1996), “Islands of automation in construction”, in Turk,Z ˇ . (Ed.), Construction on the Information Highway, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, p. 20 (number 198 in CIB publication). Hayes, R.H. and Jaikumar, R. (1988), “Manufacturing’s crisis: new technology, obsolete organizations”, Harvard Business Review, September/October, pp. 77-85. Khanzode, A., Fischer, M., Reed, D. and Ballard, G. (2006), A Guide to Applying the Principles of Virtual Design & Construction (VDC) to the Lean Project Delivery Process, CIFE Technical Report No. 093, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Knights, D. and Willmott, H. (2007), Introducing Organizational Behaviour and Management, Thomson, Boston, MA. Koskela, L. (2000), An Exploration Towards a Production Theory and its Application to Construction, VTT Publications 408, Espoo. Koskela, L. and Kazi, A.S. (2003), “Information technology in construction: how to realise the benefits?” in Clarke, S., Coakes, E., Huner, M.G. and Wenn, A. (Eds), Socio Technical and Human Cognition Elements of Information Systems, Information Science Publishing, Hershey, PA, pp. 60-75. Leicht, R., Fox, S., Ma¨kela¨inen, T. and Messner, J. (2007), “Building information models, display media, and team performance – an exploratory study”, VTT Working Papers 88, VTT, Espoo. Liker, J.K. (2004), The Toyota Way, McGraw-Hill, London. Melnyk, S.A. and Narasimhan, R. (1992), Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 378, Business One Irwin, Homewood, IL. Rischmoller, L., Alarco´n, L.F. and Koskela, L. (2006), “Improving value generation in the design process of industrial projects using CAVT”, Journal of Management in Engineering, Vol. 22 No. 2. Shelbourn, M., Bouchlaghem, M., Anumba, C. and Carrillo, P. (2007), “Planning and implementation of effective collaboration in construction projects”, Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management, Vol. 7 No. 4, pp. 357-77. Sriram, R.D. (1998), “Information technology for engineering design”, Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 123-5. Thorp, J. (1998), The Information Paradox – Realising the Business Benefits of Information Technology, McGraw-Hill, Toronto. Vrijhoef, R., Koskela, L. and Howell, G. (2001), “Understanding construction supply chains: an alternative interpretation”, Proceedings of the 9th Annual Conference International Group for Lean Construction, Singapore.
        URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/9359

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