Skip to the content

The Proto-theory of Design: the method of analysis of the ancient geometers

Koskela, LJ and Kagioglou, M 2007, 'The Proto-theory of Design: the method of analysis of the ancient geometers' , Strojarstvo: Journal for Theory and Application in Mechanical Engineering, 49 (1) , pp. 45-52.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (494kB) | Request a copy

    Abstract

    It is contended that the ancient method of analysis and synthesis, developed originally by Greek geometers, provides a proto-theory of design, which unfortunately has largely been forgotten in the modern period. For justifying this claim, six central features of the method of analysis and synthesis are discussed and compared to recent developments in design theory and methodology. It is shown that various issues covered by the method analysis and synthesis have recently been rediscovered in the design science, but without any connection to it. It is argued that further development and unification of the design science requires that we return to the proto-theory of design and start to validate, criticize and expand it.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: design theory, method, analysis, synthesis, geometry
    Themes: Subjects / Themes > B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
    Subjects / Themes > B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BD Speculative Philosophy > BD143 Epistemology. Theory of knowledge
    Subjects outside of the University Themes
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment
    Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment > Salford Centre for Research & Innovation (SCRI)
    Journal or Publication Title: Strojarstvo: Journal for Theory and Application in Mechanical Engineering
    Publisher: Croatian Union of Mechanical Engineers and Naval Architects
    Refereed: Yes
    ISSN: 0562-1887
    Depositing User: LJ Koskela
    Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2010 14:10
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:18
    References: ..., Anon., V-Modell, downloaded from http://www.v-modell-xt.de/ on December 9, 2005a. ..., Anon., VModel, downloaded from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/V_model on December 15, 2005b. BACHY, G.; HAMERI, A. P. (1997): What to be Implemented at the Early Stage of a Large-scale Project?, International Journal of Project Management, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 211-218. BEANEY, M.: Analysts, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2003 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2003/entries/ analysis/> BOEHM, B. W. (1979): Guidelines for Verifying and Validating Software Requirements and Design Specification, Euro EFIP, pp. 711-719. BOHM, D. (1980): Wholeness and the Implicate Order, Routledge, London. DESCARTES, R. (1637): Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Science, available at http://www.literature.org/authors/descartesrene/reason-discourse/index html DYM, C. L. (1994): Engineering Design: A Synthesis of Views, Cambridge University Press. HALL, A. D. (1962): A Methodology For Systems Engineering, D. van Nostrand, Princeton. HATCHUEL,A.; WEIL,B .(2003): A New Approach of Innovative Design: An Introduction to C-K Theory, International Conference on Engineering Design ICED-03 Stockholm, August 19-21. HINTIKKA, J. (1969): Tieteen metodi analyyttisena toimituksena, (The Scientific Method as Analysis), in: Tieto on valtaa, J. Hintikka, Werner Söderström, Porvoo. HINTIKKA, J.; REMES, U. (1974): The Method of Analysis. Its Geometrical origin and Its General Significance, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. XXV, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, p. 144. NIINILUOTO, I. (1990): Edgar Allan Poe ja geometrinen analyysi (Edgar Allan Poe and Geometric Analysis), in: Maailma, minä ja kulttuuri, I. Niiniluoto, Otava, Helsinki. OKSALA, T. (2.9.2005): oral communication. PAHL, G.; BEITZ, W. (1996): Engineering Design, Springer. PAPERT, S. (2000): What's the Big Idea? Toward a Pedagogy of Idea Power, IBM Systems Journal, Vol. 39, Nos 3&4, pp. 720-729. POLYA, G. (2004): How to Solve It, Princeton University Press. PUGH, S. (1991): Total Design, Addison-Wesley, Wokingham. RITCHIE, T. (1991): Analysis and Synthesis: On Scientific Method - Based on a Study by Bernhard Riemann, Systems Research, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 21-41. SCHWABER, K.; BEEDLE, M. (2002): Agile Software Development with Scrum, Prentice Hall. SHEWHART, W. A. (1931): Economic Control of Quality of Manufactured Product, Van Nostrand, NY, p. 501. STEVENS, R.; BROOK, P.; JACKSON, K.; ARNOLD, S. (1998): Systems Engineering: Coping with Complexity, Prentice-Hall, London. SUH, N. (2001): Axiomatic Design, Oxford University Press. TURNER, J. R, (1993): The Handbook of Project-based Management, McGraw-Hill, London, p. 540. WILSON, C. St. J. (1979): Alvar Aalta and the State of Modernism, International Architect, 1(2): 27-32.
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/9364

    Document Downloads

    More statistics for this item...

    Actions (login required)

    Edit record (repository staff only)