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The use of portfolios in the assessment of learning and competence

Ball, E, Daly, W and Carnwell, R 2000, 'The use of portfolios in the assessment of learning and competence' , Nursing Standard, 14 (43) , pp. 43-47.

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      Abstract

      Fundamentally what this paper seeks to answer are questions founded on earlier and recent investigation on the quality of educational provision. Namely, inquiry of knowledge and how it is grounded in theory; the adequate provision for critical reflection, and whether clear indications of clinical competency amongst nursing and midwifery students are evident upon qualification. Both nationally and locally, solutions have been met with many responses. In short, portfolios have been seen as a way forward in the support of professional development. Since 1995 it has been compulsory for all nurses, midwives and health visitors to complete a portfolio profile in order to register. Initially portfolios were designed to ensure that the profession would display a range of evidence incorporating knowledge, skills and attitudes (Standard 13 ENB 1997), ensuring the long term prospects of quality of care required to meet the changing health care needs of the public (ENB 1991a). Essentially, however, comprehensive evidence of portfolios is still under scrutiny as to whether they provide a synthesised process of continual professional development that will also serve as an authentic assessment of teaching, learning and clinical competence. Such scrutiny is not surprising when statutory bodies including the ENB are continually involved in the promotion of improved training methods (Gerrish 1997) aiming for the highest quality assurance in educational provision. Hence, a systematic literature review like this is timely in that portfolios remain an issue which is still open to debate in light of recent initiatives in nursing and midwifery education (UKCC 1999; DoH 1999).

      Item Type: Article
      Themes: Subjects / Themes > R Medicine > RT Nursing
      Health and Wellbeing
      Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care
      Colleges and Schools > College of Health & Social Care > School of Nursing, Midwifery, Social Work & Social Sciences
      Journal or Publication Title: Nursing Standard
      Publisher: RCN Publishing
      Refereed: Yes
      ISSN: 0029-6570
      Depositing User: Dr Elaine Ball
      Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2010 12:35
      Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:19
      References: Andrews, M; Gidman, J; Humphreys, A. (1998) “A Reflective practice. Reflection: does it enhance professional nursing practice?”. British Journal of Nursing, 7(7), 413-417. Bedford, H; T. Phillips; J. Robinson, and J. Schostak. (1993) “Assessing Competencies in Nursing and Midwifery Education”. Final Report. ENB. Brown, R. A. (1992) Portfolio Development and Profiling for Nurses. Lancaster: Quay, 1992. Budnick, D, and S. Beaver. (1984) “A Student perspective on the portfolio”. Nursing Outlook, 32(5), 268-269. Carberry, C. “Contesting competency: cultural safety in advanced nursing practice”. Journal of the Royal College of Nursing Australia, 1998 Oct; 5(4), 9-13. Cash P; Brooker J; Penney W; Reinbold J; Strangio L. (1997) “Reflective inquiry in nursing practice or ‘revealing images’”. Nursing Inquiry, 4(4), 246 56. Castledine, G. (1994) “How to compile a personal professional profile”. British Journal of Nursing, 3(3), 521-522. Denzin, N, (1978) The Research Act. (2ndEd) New York: McGraw Hill. Elcock, K. (1997) “Reflections on being therapeutic and reflective”. Nursing in Critical Care, 2(3), 138-145 ENB (1991a) ENB Framework for Continuing Professional Education for Nurses, Midwives and Health Visitors: Guide to Implementation. ENB Publications: London. ENB (1991b) Professional Portfolio. ENB Publications: London. ENB (1994) Creating Lifelong Learners: Partnership for Care. ENB Publications: London. Gerrish, K. (1993) “An evaluation of a portfolio as an assessment tool for teaching practice placements”. Nurse Education Today, 13, 172-179. Gerrish, K; M. McManus, and P. Ashworth. (1997) “Levels of Achievement: A review of the assessment of practice”. Research Reports Series 5. Cambridge: ENB. Glen, S, and N. F. Hight. (1992) “Portfolios: An ‘effective’ assessment strategy?”. Nurse Education Today, 12, 416-423. Jasper, M. (1995a) “The Portfolio workbook as a strategy for student-centred learning”. Nurse Education Today, 15, 446-451. Jasper, M. (1995b) “The potential of the professional portfolio for nursing”. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 4, 249-255. Jasper, M. (1996) “The portfolio workbook as a strategy for student-centred learning. In Rolfe, G. (Ed) Closing the Theory-Practice Gap. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann. Making a Difference (1999) Department of Health. Milligan, F. (1998) “Defining and assessing competence: the distraction of outcomes and the importance of educational process”. Nurse Education Today, 18, 273-280. Murray, P. J. (1994) “Portfolios and Accreditation of Prior Experiential Learning (APEL) make credits … or problems?” Nurse Education Today, 14, 232-237. Murrell, K. (1998) “Using a portfolio to assess clinical practice”. Professional Nurse, 13, 220-223. Newell, R. (1992) “Anxiety, accuracy and reflection: the limits of professional development”. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 17, 1326-13333. Oeschle, L. H; C. M. Volden, and S. O. Lambeth. (1989) “Portfolios and RN’s: an evaluation”. Journal of Nursing Education, 29(2), 540-559. Peach, L. (Chair) (1999) Fitness for Practice. The UKCC Commission for Nursing and Midwifery Education. Priest, H, and P. Roberts. (1998) “Assessing students’ clinical performance”. Nursing Standard, 12(48): 37-41. Reece-Jones, P. (1995) “Hindsight bias in reflective practice: an empirical investigation”. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 21, 783-788. Richardson, A. (1998) “Personal professional profiles”. Nursing Standard, 12(38), 35-40. Rogers, C. R. (1983) Freedom to learn for the 80’s. Merrill: Columbus. Shannon, M. A, and J. D. Rohrer. (1997) “The Teaching Portfolio: a modest proposal for change in the adult educator’s teaching through reflection and analysis”. Midwest research to Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing and Community Education, Michigan State University, October 15-17, 1997. Stockhausen, L. J. (1999) “The Clinical Portfolio”. The Australian Electronic Journal of Nursing Education, 2(2), 1-11. UKCC (1994) Standards for Education and Practice Following Registration. Wellington, B. “The Promise of Reflective Practice”. (1991) Educational Leadership, 48(6), 4-5. Wenzel, L. S; K. L. Briggs and B. L. Puryear. (1998) “Portfolio: Authentic Assessment in the Age of Curriculum Revolution,” Journal of Nursing Education, 37(5), 209-212. Woods, N. F, and M. Catanzaro (1988) Nursing Research: Theory and Practice. St. Louis, Mosby.
      URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/9492

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