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Motorway roadworks: effects on traffic operations

Yousif, S 2002, 'Motorway roadworks: effects on traffic operations' , Highways and Transportation , pp. 20-22.

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Abstract

This paper examines traffic operations at the approaches to motorway roadwork sites in the North West of England and focuses on some of the parameters affecting both safety and capacity. The trade–off between capacity and safety at motorway roadworks represents a dilemma for the traffic engineer. Capacity is reduced with the closure of one or more lanes to traffic. Lower operating speeds may be observed due to the substandard layout and to the lower speed limits imposed on site. Speed cameras are sometimes introduced to enforce the posted speed limits. Observations suggest that traffic behaviour at the approach to a roadwork section differs in terms of drivers’ operating speeds and their choice of lanes. Speed differentials close to the merge section could be a contributory cause of flow breakdowns and are a danger to road–users and workers alike. In addition, some drivers force themselves into the path of others on adjacent lanes by accepting smaller gaps to merge into especially when they are getting closer to the taper section. Previous work suggests that higher accident rates are usually associated with roadwork sections compared with normal motorway ones.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Subjects / Themes > T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
Built and Human Environment
Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology
Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering
Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Civil Engineering Research Centre
Journal or Publication Title: Highways and Transportation
Publisher: The Chartered Institution of Highways & Transportation
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0265-6868
Depositing User: S Yousif
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2010 13:09
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 16:21
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/9704

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