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The role of spatial analysis in resettlement programme

Piyatadsananon, P, Amaratunga, RDG and Keraminiyage, KP 2010, The role of spatial analysis in resettlement programme , in: COBRA 2010, 2nd - 3rd September 2010, Paris.

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    Abstract

    Number of victims from the disaster has been dramatically increasing around the world. This phenomenon causes a very high demand of emergency and temporary shelters on particular basis including the need of permanent houses in resettlement programmes. Noticeably, those resettlement programmes have shown the success and failure of their activities. For instance, plenty communities have been forced by governments to abandon their lands to the new locations for safety purpose. Inevitably, many suffered people have to stay in the provided areas because they have no place to go (Gall, 2004). Furthermore, there are abundant cases in which people move back to their original land. Certainly, those failures have shown from the total change of life patterns and styles which cause people many difficulties (Dikmen, 2002). These results show the unsuccessful resettlement programmes which require a better solution. According to the previous works, vulnerable hazard areas have been rarely studied in term of people behaviours correlated between the spatial and social aspects. Based on the resettlement paradigm, building a new settlement site better, safer and suitable for suffered people from disaster, traditional lifestyle of people in communities has to be carefully studied before setting a displacement or resettlement plan. Spatial analysis model with employing several scenes of high-resolution images is an effective tool proposed in this study. The applications of spatial analysis techniques in resettlement programmes are introduced to present a crucial integration between human behaviours in hazard areas and the relevant factors. Prescriptive method is employed to describe the current situations due to the advantage of this method in studying the complexity of human behaviours. This study is an initial part of literature review associated with the application of spatial analysis in resettlement programme. An expected outcome of this study is a framework to develop a model for simulating the human interaction between the spatial and nonspatial parameters. Apart from this study, the designed spatial and non-spatial database in geoinformatics will be suggested to set some factor criteria in the next step of this study. Eventually, this study will be beneficial to other case studies with the similar contexts

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Spatial analysis, resettlement programme, high resolution images, vulnerable hazard area, post-disaster management, geo-informatics, prescriptive model
    Themes: Subjects / Themes > T Technology > TH Building construction
    Built and Human Environment
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology
    Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment
    Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment > Centre for Disaster Resilience
    Refereed: Yes
    Depositing User: CI Malalgoda
    Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2010 15:36
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:21
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/9739

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