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Community based post disaster housing reconstruction: Indonesian perspective

Ophiyandri, T, Amaratunga, RDG and Pathirage, CP 2010, Community based post disaster housing reconstruction: Indonesian perspective , in: CIB 2010, 10th - 13th May 2010, University of Salford.

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    Abstract

    Located at a juncture of four tectonic plate has made Indonesia highly prone to earthquake disasters. The giant earthquake magnitude 9.1 Richter scale which triggered tsunami on 26 December 2004 in Aceh and followed by Nias earthquake magnitude 8.6 Richter scale on 28 March 2005 have created massive damage to infrastructure at these two neighbourhood area. The reconstruction dealt with the construction of 120,000 new houses and rehabilitation of 85,000 damaged houses. This large scale housing reconstruction programme has been realised to be the most challenging and problematic activities during the disaster recovery phase. One procurement method that can be adopted on housing reconstruction is the community based approach. In this method, community is not only consulted as the beneficiaries, but has the power to control the construction phase.In this context, this paper highlights the importance of community based approach on post disaster housing reconstruction. It will present the trends of natural disasters in recent years, describe the rationale of the needs of community based approach, outline the advantages and analyse the problem it faces. A detailed literature review on Aceh and Nias in Indonesia reconstruction including literature on best practices was carried out in order to achieve these objectives.It was found that a community based approach could create better housing construction compare to contractor based approach in terms of quality, accountability and beneficiaries satisfaction. This method also could build the social capital of the survivors

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Disaster, earthquake, housing reconstruction, community base
    Themes: Subjects / Themes > T Technology > TH Building construction
    Built and Human Environment
    Schools: Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology
    Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment
    Colleges and Schools > College of Science & Technology > School of the Built Environment > Centre for Disaster Resilience
    Refereed: Yes
    Depositing User: CI Malalgoda
    Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2010 13:47
    Last Modified: 20 Aug 2013 17:21
    URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/9761

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