The influence of gluteus maximus on transverse plane tibial rotation

Preece, SJ ORCID:, Graham-Smith, P, Nester, CJ ORCID:, Howard, D ORCID:, Hermens, H, Herrington, LC ORCID: and Bowker, P 2008, 'The influence of gluteus maximus on transverse plane tibial rotation' , Gait & Posture, 27 , pp. 616-621.

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There is a common clinical belief that transverse plane tibial rotation is controlled by the rearfoot. Although distal structures may influence the motion of the tibia, transverse plane tibial rotation could be determined by the proximal hip musculature. Cadaver studies have identified gluteus maximus as having the largest capacity for external rotation of the hip. This study was therefore undertaken to investigate the effect of gluteus maximus on tibial motion. Kinematic data were collected from the foot and tibia along with EMG data from gluteus maximus for 17 male subjects during normal walking. A number of kinematic parameters were derived to characterise early stance phase. Gluteus maximus function was characterised using RMS EMG and EMG on/off times. No differences in muscle timing were found to be associated with any of the kinematic parameters. In addition, no differences in gluteal activation levels were found between groups of subjects who had different amounts of tibial rotation. However, there was a significant difference ( p < 0.001) in gluteus maximus activation when groups were defined by the time taken to decelerate the tibia (time to peak internal velocity). Specifically, subjects with greater gluteus maximus activity had a lower time to decelerate the tibia.We suggest that a high level of gluteus maximus activity results in a larger external torque being applied to the femur, which ultimately leads to a more rapid deceleration of the tibia.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Subjects / Themes > R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre
Schools > School of Health and Society > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Gait & Posture
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0966-6362
Funders: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Depositing User: SJ Preece
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2010 10:06
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 15:48

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