Accuracy of generic musculoskeletal models in predicting the functional roles of muscles in human gait

Correa, TA, Baker, RJ ORCID:, Graham, HK and Pandy, MG 2011, 'Accuracy of generic musculoskeletal models in predicting the functional roles of muscles in human gait' , Journal of Biomechanics, 44 (11) , pp. 2096-2105.

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Biomechanical assessments of muscle function are often performed using a generic musculoskeletal model created from anatomical measuremetns obtained from cadavers. Understanding the validity of using generic models to study movement biomechanics is critical, especially when such models are applied to analyse the walking patterns of persons with impaired mobility. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of scaled-generic models in determining the moment arms and functional roles of the lower-limb muscles during gait. The functional role of a muscle was described by its potential to contribute to the acceleration of a joint or the acceleration of the whole-body centre of mass. A muscle's potential acceleration was defined as the acceleration induced by a unit of muscle force. Dynamic simulations of walking were generated for four children with cerebral palsy and five age-matched controls. Each subject was represented by a scaled-generic model and a model developed from magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Calculations obtained form the scaled-generic model of each subject were evaluated against those derived from the corresponding MR-based model. Substantial differences were found in the muscle moment arms computed using the two models. These differences propagated to calculations of muscle potential accelerations, but predictions of muscle functions (ie the direction in which a muscle accelerated a joint of the centre of mass and the magnitude of the muscle's potential acceleration relative to that of other muscles) were consistent between the two modeling techniques. Our findings suggest that scaled-generic models and image-based models yield similar assessments of muscle function in both normal and pathological gait.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Health and Wellbeing
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society > Centre for Health Sciences Research
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Biomechanics
Publisher: Elsevier
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0021-9290
Depositing User: RH Shuttleworth
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2011 08:57
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 12:20

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