An integrated model of sound localisation in rooms

Sheaffer, J and Fazenda, BM ORCID: 2012, An integrated model of sound localisation in rooms , in: Acoustics and Audio 2012, 13th September 2012, Ben Gurion University.

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Human perception of sound localisation in enclosed spaces has been studied extensively from physiological as well as psychological perspectives. As it is not feasible to conduct some experiments in-situ, researchers have employed alternative methodologies to study sound localisation in a controlled environment. Traditionally, measured or synthetically generated binaural responses are used to produce stimuli for listening tests, or alternatively as inputs to various auditory models. In this paper we propose a single integrated framework for studying sound localisation in rooms, which is entirely based on modelling. The sound source and propagation of acoustic waves in a room are modelled using the Finite Difference Time Domain method which we have adapted to run on massively parallel graphics hardware, allowing for a more accurate simulation in high resolution. To obtain binaural impulse responses, laser-scans of human subjects are embedded in the modelled grid. The function of the peripheral auditory system is simulated using commonly available physiologically-inspired models. Processing of binaural cues in order to reach a localisation decision is accomplished using an analytically motivated model of cue selection based on interaural coherence. Resulting signals are then used as inputs to a decision maker based on a template-matching procedure. Finally, a model of across-frequency integration is applied in order to yield a single localisation judgement, similar to a listener in a forced choice test. It is shown that the entire integrated model can be used to predict localisation in complex listening situations in a psychoacoustically plausible manner. Emphasis is given to the ability of the model to perform in situations involving summing localisation, localisation dominance and acoustic echo. Applications to room-acoustics and spatial audio are also discussed.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Lecture)
Themes: Built and Human Environment
Schools: Schools > School of Computing, Science and Engineering > Salford Innovation Research Centre
Refereed: No
Depositing User: Jonathan Sheaffer
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2012 14:16
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2019 00:11

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