Computer simulation of leadership, consensus decision making and collective behaviour in humans

Wu, S and Sun, Q 2014, 'Computer simulation of leadership, consensus decision making and collective behaviour in humans' , PLoS ONE, 9 (1) , pp. 1-12.

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The aim of this study is to evaluate the reliability of a crowd simulation model developed by the authors by reproducing Dyer et al.’s experiments(published in Philosophical Transactions in 2009) on human leadership and consensus decision-­making in a computer-­based environment. The theoretical crowd model of the simulation environment is presented, and its results are compared and analysed against Dyer et al.’s original experiments. It is concluded that the results are 11 largely consistent with the experiments, which demonstrates the reliability of the crowd model. Furthermore, the simulation data also reveals several additional new findings, namely: 1) the phenomena of sacrificing accuracy to reach a quicker consensus decision found in ants colonies was also discovered in the simulation; 2) the ability of reaching consensus in groups has a direct impact on the time and accuracy of arriving at the target position; 3) the positions of the informed individuals or leaders in the crowd could have significant impact on the overall crowd movement; 4) the simulation also confirmed Dyer et al.’s anecdotal evidence of the proportion of the leadership in large crowds and its effect on crowd movement. The potential applications of these findings are highlighted in the final discussion of this paper.

Item Type: Article
Themes: Built and Human Environment
Schools: Schools > School of the Built Environment
Schools > School of the Built Environment > Centre for Urban Processes, Resilient Infrastructures & Sustainable Environments
Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1932-6203
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: H Kenna
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2013 11:21
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 15:15

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