EU accession and party competition in post-communist Romania

Chiva, MC ORCID: 2014, 'EU accession and party competition in post-communist Romania' , Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 14 (1) , pp. 65-82.

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This paper examines the impact of the EU on party competition in post-communist Romania by testing Robert Ladrech’s model for the Europeanization of Central and East European party systems. It argues that, although it certainly holds true for a variety of post-communist cases, Ladrech’s model has a very limited explanatory power in the Romanian case after accession, for two reasons. First, the post-accession period has seen further institutionalization of the party system through the gradual disappearance of the extreme-right from within the ranks of parliamentary parties, and through increased competition between established parties on the centre-left and the centre-right of the political spectrum. Second, there has been little change in parties’ stances on European integration. Thus, Romanian formations’ consensus on the benefits of EU membership has continued to exist in the period after accession, while conflicts over the EU’s socio-economic acquis, such as those emerging in Poland and the Czech Republic, have failed to materialize. The main explanation for this situation is the fact that Romania continues to be subject to monitoring in the form of the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism, which has essentially extended the EU’s conditionality into the post-accession period. Given continued monitoring by the European Commission, the distinction between the impact of the EU before and after accession is therefore less clear-cut in Romania’s case than in the case of other post-communist EU member states.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Arts & Media
Journal or Publication Title: Southeast European and Black Sea Studies
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
ISSN: 1468-3857
Funders: Non funded research
Depositing User: MC Chiva
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 15:38
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 20:02

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