Distorted policy transfer? South Korea’s adaptation of UK social enterprise policy

Park, C, Lee, J and Wilding, MA ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0101-3244 2017, 'Distorted policy transfer? South Korea’s adaptation of UK social enterprise policy' , Policy Studies, 38 (1) , pp. 39-58.

PDF - Accepted Version
Download (707kB) | Preview


This study draws upon communicative processes in policy transfer to consider the ways in which policy may be adapted to context or distorted. The theoretical framework is used to investigate exactly what the South Korean government borrowed from UK social enterprise policy. Despite claims that the UK was the source of both the general policy direction and the particular regulatory device, the Korean government did not learn about the specific contexts of the British policy, nor attempt two-way communication with domestic stakeholders. Rather, the UK policy was interpreted in accordance with the Korean government’s own ideas about how to utilize social enterprise. Historical legacies of top-down decision-making played an important role in this process, as did the state’s role as a regulator which mobilizes the private sector to achieve policy goals. The consequences have been negative for those organizations refused social enterprise status under the Ministry of Labor’s strict approval system, as well as for the original target population: the socially disadvantaged and vulnerable. It is suggested that the model advanced may help to illuminate the reasons why some borrowed policies differ considerably from the originals, and the use of policy transfer as a means of legitimization

Item Type: Article
Schools: Schools > School of Health and Society > Centre for Applied Research in Health, Welfare and Policy
Journal or Publication Title: Policy Studies
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0144-2872
Related URLs:
Funders: National Research Foundation of Korea
Depositing User: Dr Mark Wilding
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2016 12:32
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2020 15:30
URI: http://usir.salford.ac.uk/id/eprint/39193

Actions (login required)

Edit record (repository staff only) Edit record (repository staff only)


Downloads per month over past year